초록

Summary

Due to climate change and urbanization. natoral disasters have frequently occurred in recent years. In Korea, floods generate the biggest natural disaster-related damages. It is realistically impossible to prevent natural disasters completely, which have grown in scale. However, recent years have seen active research in advanced economies and by international organizations on the concept of resilience, which emphasizes adaptation and rapid recovery. This special report introduces the first-year research of “Research on Regional Resilience Improvement Coping with Flooding Disaster by Climate Change Effect (Ⅰ) - Development and Application of Resilience Assesssment Methods” a joint international study produced over a two-year period. The study has been led and conducted by the Korea Research Institute for Human Sattlements (KRIHS) in joint efforts with other four institutes such as the Korea Environment Institute, The Woodrow Wilson Center (WWC), Virginia Tech, and the Metropolitan Research Institute.

Considering Korea’s regional characteristics, this study developed methods of resilience capability assessment of flood-affected areas, and applied to both the national local government and individual local government and individual local governments. The assessment results showed that many of local governments with high levels of flood damages were those with low levels of resilience. They also lacked a disaster policy that takes into account the local characteristics of natural disasters. This study proposes locally customized resilience reinforcement plans as a result of assessing flood damages in the past, disaster vulnerability analyses, resilience assessment results, analyses of disaster management condition review sub-indicators. To improve resilience of local governments, this research suggests: introducing the concept of resilience in urban planning terms: amending disaster vulnerability analysis guidelines: increasing cooperation by central agencies; developing a knowledge sharing platform for stronger resilience monitoring and information sharing; establishing guidelines and providing consulting for locally customized resilience reinforcement; and support plans for vulnerable citizens and local communities.