초록

Recently, the risk of mega flooding disaster has been increased by climate change
and urbanization effect. In order to reduce the damage by flooding disaster, resilience
concept has been introduced to disaster prevention field mainly in international
organizations and advanced countries. The flooding damage by Typhoon Chaba in
2016 and Cheonan Power Exchange in 2017 showed that the risk of flooding disaster
in Korea is increasing and that the flooding disaster could cause the Natech disaster. In
this context, this research was conducted in collaboration with KRIHS(Korea Research
Institute for Human Settlements) and the Woodrow Wilson Center in U.S., which has
recently developed and operated resilience reinforcement research and policies.
This research was conducted as two years research. In the first year research, the
resilience assessment method for disaster prevention field was developed and applied.
The main goal of the second year research is to improve reinforcement of the urban
resilience as the urban planning aspect. In this research, resilience is divided into the
capacity for damage abatement and the capacity for damage recovery, based on the
characteristics of resilience. This research present the problems and the direction of
improvement of the current policy related with the capacity for damage abatement
and recovery. Based on the direction of improvement of policy, the legal system
improvement method is suggested. For the policy related with the capacity for
damage abatement, the urban planning for disaster prevention and urban regeneration
considering disaster prevention are selected and investigated for searching the problem
of operation and suggesting the improvement method. Now, in Korea, the policy
related with the capacity for damage recovery is not actively settled yet, so this paper
suggest the direction of Korea’s introduction of related systems, based on the overseas
cases. For the policy related with the capacity for damage recovery, the transportation
planning considering disaster prevention and PDRP(Pre-Disaster Recovery Plan) in U.S.
are selected.