초록

In Korea, rural areas have been serving as an important basis for living for a long time. However, the status of rural areas has been weakened with a rapid decrease in population and households in rural areas and inflow of population into cities due to urbanization and industrialization. Many problems have occurred in rural areas including worn-out homes or vacant houses. In the meantime, new trend of returning to farming and rural areas has emerged as many people want to live in nature after retirement or people want to live a brand new life in rural areas. Now is the time to review the living conditions and environment in rural areas to make the areas more livable place for many people.
In quantitative terms, the housing conditions in rural areas are good with the appropriate number of houses but the ratio of vacant home is high, which serves as a major factor in deteriorating living environment. In qualitative terms, the issues of safety and convenience emerge as there are many old and rundown houses. In addition, the possibility of refurbishing or repairing the houses is low as most residents in the old house are the elderly.
This study defines rural areas as administrative districts classified into town and township and rural housing as the house located in rural areas. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of housing policy on rural areas and identify the most effective policy. To this end, “housing service indicator”, which shows qualitative conditions of housing, was developed along with quantitative indicator on housing and living conditions. In addition, a simulation model was developed using system dynamics (SD) by identifying the causal relationship among various elements that compose the rural society. Based on the model, this study expects future housing conditions in rural areas, measures effects of the housing policy and compares policy programs designed to improve living conditions in rural areas.